Panchkarma word is derived from the Sanskrit word meaning "Five actions". Five actions of Panchkarma Treatments are:1 Vaman, 2 Virechana, 3 Basti, 4 Rakta, 5 Mokshan, 6 Nasyam.
Prevention and protection of the body from diseases is the main theme of Ayurvedic Panchkarma, then comes curative aspect on illness, if any. The Panchkarma method of prevention and cure adopted should fit into the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's definition- "expression of the nature of consciousness operating in a lively way of physiological harmony of mind, body and spirit."
This can be achieved through Intra Corporeal Depuration to cleanse the body by flushing out morbid matter and balancing 3 humors, the tridoshas.
Panchkarma measures of prevention increase bio capacity realization of body and mind to postpone premature ageing. All the channels minute and gross are cleansed from the tiny DNA level to cellular level then to tissue and then to whole body level. The detoxification of the poisons inhaled, ingested and also those that enter the body through the nasal, optic, aural, urino-genital, rectal and through innumerable pores of skin are all flushed out from the body by Panchkarma cleansing methods. To increase the resistance capacity of the body further to adopt Rasayana and rejuvenation methods and to promote immunity of the body to gift up longevity of life, Panchkarma is required.